Columbia University, also known as Columbia, is a private Ivy League research university based in the city of New York. The University was established in 1754s on the grounds of Trinity Church, located in Manhattan, Columbia. Columbia University is the oldest institution of higher education that is based in New York, and besides, it is the fifth-oldest institution of higher learning throughout the United States. In addition to that, Columbia University is one of nine colonial colleges that are founded before the Declaration of Independence. Also, it is seven of which belong to the Ivy League. Columbia University is also ranked as one of the top ten universities in the whole world.
Columbia University is organized and divided into twenty schools, which includes three undergraduate schools, along with various areas for graduate schools. The research efforts of the University include the Lamont–Doherty Earth Observatory, accelerator laboratories equipped with leading technology firms like IBM, and consists of Goddard Institute for Space Studies as well. Columbia is a primary founding member of the Association of American Universities, and hence, it had the first school throughout the United States that grant the M.D. degree.
The scholars and scientists of Columbia have played a significant role in scientific breakthroughs that included brain-computer interface, nuclear magnetic resonance, and the laser and maser. Also, it includes the first nuclear pile, the first evidence for continental drift and plate tectonics, the first nuclear fission, and further initial planning and research for the Manhattan Project during World War II.
- According to the statistics of 2020, the undergraduate acceptance rate at Columbia University was 6.1%, which makes the University be one of the most selective colleges in the U.S.;
- Before that, in 2019, the endowment of the University stood at around $10.9 billion, among the largest of any academic institution.
King’s College Hall, 1770.
Columbia University was first established as King's College, in 1770, by royal charter of George II of Great Britain in reaction to the foundation of Princeton University. Later, the University was renamed Columbia College in 1784. This was followed bt the American Revolution, and then later in 1787, Columbia College was placed under a private board of trustees that were headed by former students John Jay and Alexander Hamilton. In 1896, the university campus was later moved to its current location in Morningside Heights and was renamed to its current name - Columbia University.